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Galaxy S10 5G

by Samsung

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The Samsung Galaxy S10 5G Phone Makes Its First USB Power Delivery 3.0 Debut With PPS and 5G LTE Capabilities

The emergence of the latest 5G LTE mobile networks surpasses the existing 4G LTE to offer faster Internet connection speeds and wider coverage through higher frequency bands. Samsung quickly took advantage of this new technology by releasing the Galaxy S10 5G as the first 5G capable phone in the market. This is also the first Galaxy phone supporting USB Power Delivery 3.0 (PD3) based PPS (Programmable Power Supply) and Augmented PDO's for up to 25W rapid charging over USB Type-C and shipped with a PD3 PPS based charger.

Other than these new features, the Galaxy S10 5G continues to support reverse wireless charging on top of the normal wireless charging, Samsung's owned Adaptive Fast Charge (AFC) charging and Qualcomm Quick Charge based charging as well as video output using DisplayPort Alternate Mode over Type-C similar to the Samsung Galaxy S10+

We purchased the Galaxy S10 5G from Samsung Digital Plaza in Suwon, South Korea to have a closer look at the phone. The phone was the main highlight among the other Samsung phones at the time due to it being launched just recently in South Korea. 

The Galaxy S10 5G comes in a white box instead of the familiar black boxes that most Galaxy phones came in.

Rather than the Samsung 15W Adaptive Fast Charger that usually shipped with Galaxy phones, the Galaxy S10 5G comes with the newer Samsung 25W USB Power Delivery 3.0 based charger along with a USB Type-C to Type-C cable. Other accessories of the phone include a USB Type-C to USB Micro-B adapter, ear buds and a plastic phone cover.

The Samsung charger that shipped with the Galaxy S10 5G uses a USB Type-C connector to keep the phone charged up to 25W using USB Power Delivery 3.0 based PPS (Programmable Power Supply) and Augmented PDO's. Previously the Samsung Adaptive Fast Charger only provides AFC based charging up to 15W over a USB Type-A connector. 

The Galaxy S10 5G's 25W charger supports fixed PDO's (Power Delivery Objects) of 15 watts (5 volts @ 3 amps) and 24.9 watts (9 volts @ 2.77 amps) as well as variable power of 9.9-17.7 watts (3.3~5.9 volts @ 3 amps) and 7.4-24.8 watts (3.3~11 volts @ 2.25 amps) power profiles.

At the back of the phone, the Galaxy S10 5G has a total of four cameras which includes a new ToF (Time of Flight) sensor camera while keeping to the same specs for the other three cameras as the Galaxy S10+

Just like the Galaxy S10+, the Galaxy S10 5G also provides the fingerprint sensor under the phone's display as well as the 3.5mm audio jack.

The USB Type-C connector of the Galaxy S10 5G supports USB 3.1 Gen 1 speeds and DisplayPort Alternate Mode along with USB Power Delivery 3.0 and Qualcomm Quick Charge 2.0 technology for rapid charging.

Starting up the Galaxy S10 5G, we were first greeted with a Samsung's Welcome screen and accepted terms and conditions.

  

You can then choose to transfer your content from another phone, set up Wi-Fi, add your Google account, install different face recognition, fingerprint, and iris scanning security protections, and enable Google services and location settings for the Google Assistant.

  

  

  

  

Next you need to set up your Samsung account and access Samsung features like Bixby, Samsung Health, and Samsung Pay. Once you finally see the main screen of the Galaxy S10 5G, you can also perform updates for the software as well as other pre-installed and installed apps on the phone.

  

The Galaxy S10 5G is great for those looking to try out the 5G experience as well as faster charging for the phone. Other than that the phone is still very much similar to the Galaxy S10+ although bigger in size and more expensive.

Using the USB Power Test App from Granite River Labs with the Granite River Labs USB Power Delivery Compliance C2 Tester, we can see how power is supported by the Galaxy S10 5G through the following test results.

The USB Power Test App first negotiates a power contract emulating the Source to determine the Power Delivery Sink capabilities of the Galaxy S10 5G. The USB Power Test App then reports out the voltage and current supported by the phone for each of the Source PDO's advertised to the phone.

Sink Cap.Voltage (V)Current (A)
5V5.122.61
6V6.142.5
7V7.072.11
8V8.11.85
9V9.081.64
10V5.032.59
11V5.112.6
12V5.092.59
13V5.072.61
14V5.092.71
15V5.132.6
16V5.042.69
17V5.012.59
18V5.042.59
19V5.082.6
20V5.012.6

The USB Power Test App from Granite River Labs also produces a voltage, current trace plot which graphically shows the voltage and current requested by the phone for each advertised Source PDO throughout the power negotiation.

We also used the USB Power Delivery Compliance C2 Tester from Granite River Labs to run just a subset of the full USB Power Delivery compliance test suite where we can see that the Galaxy S10 5G supports charging using fixed PDO's of 15 watts (5 volts @ 3 amps), 18 watts (9 volts @ 2 amps) and 2.5 watts (5 volts @ .5 amps) as well as variable power supply of 5-9 volts @ 2 amps. Some compliance failures were also observed.

Power Capabilities

Parameter

GetCapabilities

PD_POWER_AS_SOURCE

2500

NUM_SRC_PDOS

1

Supply Type #1

Fixed

Peak Current #1

0x0(A)

Voltage #1

0x64(5V)

Max Current #1

0x32(.5A)

PD_POWER_AS_SINK

18000

NUM_SNK_PDOS

3

Supply Type #1

Fixed

Voltage #1

0x64(5V)

OP Current #1

0x12C(3A)

Supply Type #2

Fixed

Voltage #2

0xB4(9V)

OP Current #2

0xC8(2A)

Supply Type #3

Variable

Min Voltage #3

0x64(5V)

Max Voltage #3

0xB4(9V)

Op Current #3

0xC8(2A)

USB-IF High Level Mapping Summary

Sl No

Test Category

Test Group Description

Test Result

1

PHY_PRIMARY_TX

BMC Physical Layer Transmitter

PASS

2

PHY_PRIMARY_RX

BMC Physical Layer Receiver

FAIL

3

PHY_PRIMARY_MISC

BMC Physical Layer Miscellaneous

PASS

4

PROT_PRIMARY

Protocol Specific Primary

FAIL

5

POWER_PRIMARY

Power Source/Sink Primary

PASS

Result Summary

Sl No

Test ID

Test Name

Test Result

1

TDA.2.1.1.1

TDA.2.1.1.1 BMC PHY TX EYE

PASS

2

TDA.2.1.1.2

TDA.2.1.1.2 BMC PHY TX BIT

PASS

3

TDA.2.1.2.2

TDA.2.1.2.2 BMC PHY RX INT REJ

FAIL

4

TDA.2.1.2.1

TDA.2.1.2.1 BMC PHY RX BUSIDL

PASS

5

TDA.2.1.3.1

TDA.2.1.3.1 BMC PHY TERM

PASS

7

TDA.2.2.1

TDA.2.2.1 BMC PROT SEQ GETCAPS

PASS

8

TDA.2.2.2.1

TDA.2.2.2.1 BMC PROT SEQ CHKCAP P PC

PASS

9

TDA.2.2.2.2

TDA.2.2.2.2 BMC PROT SEQ CHKCAP NOMARK P PC

PASS

10

TDA.2.2.2.3

TDA.2.2.2.3 BMC PROT SEQ CHKCAP CP ACC

FAIL

11

TDA.2.2.2.4

TDA.2.2.2.4 BMC PROT SEQ CHKCAP NOMRK CP ACC

PASS

16

TDA.2.2.7

TDA.2.2.7 BMC PROT BIST NOT 5V SRC

PASS

18

TDA.2.2.9

TDA.2.2.9 BMC PROT GSC REC

PASS

19

TDA.2.2.10

TDA.2.2.10 BMC PROT IGN PPS

PASS

20

TDA.2.3.1.1

TDA.2.3.1.1 POW SRC LOAD P PC

PASS

21

TDA.2.3.1.2

TDA.2.3.1.2 POW SRC LOAD CP ACC

PASS

22

TDA.2.3.2.1

TDA.2.3.2.1 POW SRC TRANS P PC

PASS

24

TDA.2.3.3.1

TDA.2.3.3.1 POW SNK TRANS C CP

PASS

25

TDA.2.3.3.2

TDA.2.3.3.2 POW SNK TRANS PC

PASS

BMC Eye Diagram


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